India is the first in the world in the production of milk, pulses, jute and jute – like fibers, second in rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruits and cotton production, and is a leading producer of spices and plantation crops as ewll as livestock, fisheries and poultry. In the past few years Indian agriculture has done remarkable well in terms of output growth, despite weather and price shocks.
Indian agriculture is broadly a story of success. While it may appear that the performance of the agriculture and allied sector has fallen short of the target, production has improved remarkably, growing twice as fast as population. India’s agricultural exports are booming at a time when many other leading producers are experiencing difficulties. The better agricultural performance is a result of farmers’ response to better prices; continued technology gains; and appropriate and timely policies coming together.